Anathema: The Silent Enigma-1995.

Anathema were a progressive rock band from Liverpool, England. The group was formed in 1990 by Vincent and Daniel Cavanagh, bassist Jamie Cavanagh, drummer/keyboardist John Douglas, and vocalist Darren White.

Anathema released 11 studio albums including Distant Satellites (2014), which included the song “Anathema”, named the 2014 Anthem of the Year at the third annual Progressive Music Awards.[10] Three years later The Optimist was named Album of the Year at the 2017 Progressive Music Awards.[11]

The band maintained an active concert schedule throughout their career. They first toured in 1992 with the American death metal band Cannibal Corpse; they since performed throughout Europe, the United States, Central America, Australia,[12] New Zealand, India,[13] and Turkey. Notable venues have included London’s O2 Arena[14] and the London Palladium.[15]

Early years: Serenades and The Silent Enigma

Anathema formed in 1990 as a doom metal band, initially going by the name Pagan Angel.[16] In November of that year, the band recorded their first demo, entitled An Iliad of Woes.[16] This demo caught the attention of several bands and labels from the English metal scene.

Brothers Daniel Cavanagh (above) and Vincent Cavanagh (below), both of them vocalists, guitarists and composers for the band

At the beginning of 1991, the band gained a lot of attention with the release of their second demo entitled All Faith Is Lost, resulting in a four-album deal with Peaceville Records.[16] Their first release under the label was The Crestfallen EP in November 1992. They took the material from that album on the road, touring with Cannibal Corpse.

Serenades, Anathema’s debut LP, attracted a lot of mainstream attention, propelling their “Sweet Tears” music video onto the MTV playlist. Anathema’s first European tour was in 1994, and was closely followed by gigs at the Independent Rock Festival in Brazil.

In May 1995, vocalist Darren White parted with the band, eventually forming The Blood Divine.[16] Rather than recruiting a new vocalist, the band decided that guitarist Vincent Cavanagh should assume White’s role.[17] This new formation debuted by touring with Cathedral in the United Kingdom, and released The Silent Enigma soon after to rave reviews. It also showed the band starting to take a direction akin to gothic metal.

Mid-1990s: EternityAlternative 4, and Judgement

The next member to leave the band was drummer John Douglas, who departed in the summer of 1997. He was replaced by Shaun Steels, formerly of Solstice, who would also later play drums for My Dying Bride.[17] The release of Eternity came in 1996, relying more on atmospheric sounds, and starting the transition to clean vocals;[17] the album Judgement would later consolidate this style. A European tour followed the album’s release.

Alternative 4 was released in 1998. During this time the band underwent many line-up changes. Bassist/keyboardist/songwriter Duncan Patterson quit due to musical differences and was replaced by Dave Pybus of Dreambreed, a band which Duncan had played bass for during a short period,[17] and not long after this Martin Powell (who had played keyboards and violin for My Dying Bride previously) joined the band for live performances. Finally, founding drummer John Douglas returned to the drums in place of Steels.[17]

In June 1999, the album Judgement was released, marking Anathema’s complete shift from the doom metal genre, focusing instead on slower and more experimental songs. This new sound has been likened to artists such as Pink FloydJeff Buckley, and to a lesser extent, Radiohead. Their songs continued to express a feeling of depression and, more often than not, desperation.

2000s: A Fine Day to Exit and A Natural Disaster

In 2000, Martin Powell switched positions with Cradle of Filth‘s keyboardist Les Smith, who came to be an integral member of Anathema.

Shortly before the release of A Fine Day to ExitDave Pybus announced his departure from the band and later joined Cradle of Filth. He was replaced by touring bassist George Roberts, and later by Jamie Cavanagh.

In March 2002, Daniel Cavanagh announced his departure from the band, joining Duncan Patterson’s band Antimatter. However, he later rejoined Anathema in 2003 for the release of A Natural Disaster, and started their European tour. This accelerated the changes in Anathema’s tone, towards the atmospheric and progressive, as exhibited in album tracks “Flying” and “Violence”.

Upon the closing of their label Music for Nations after its purchase by Sony BMG, Anathema found itself without a record label, despite having completed an extensive tour of the UK with popular Finnish rock band HIM in April 2006. During their search for a new label, the band adopted a more ‘DIY‘ approach to music release, embracing the internet and releasing songs via their own website, for which fans may donate a monetary sum of their own choice. Despite the obvious lack of label-based tour support, the band continued to play dates across Europe, and guitarist Danny Cavanagh also playing the odd low-key acoustic concert.

2010s: We’re Here Because We’re Here and Weather Systems

On 20 March 2010, Anathema announced on their website[18] and Facebook page[19] the release date of their next album. We’re Here Because We’re Here was released on 31 May 2010 on the Kscope label. John Douglas’ sister Lee Douglas joined the band in the capacity of a vocalist during the recording of this album. She had previously performed on the two previous albums as a guest vocalist.

On 6 July 2011, it was announced on the band’s official page that their album of re-interpretations, Falling Deeper, would be released on 5 September 2011. The album was a follow-up to Hindsight and contained new orchestral versions of songs from the past, as well as a version of “Everwake” featuring the vocals of Anneke van Giersbergen.[20] On 12 September 2011, Les Smith’s departure due to “creative and musical differences” was announced on the band’s website.

On 16 April 2012, the band’s ninth studio album, Weather Systems, was released via Kscope. The album entered the UK album charts at No. 50 and the German album charts at No. 19.

On 8 November 2012, Daniel Cavanagh announced on Anathema’s official website that Daniel Cardoso was joining in a full-time permanent basis, as a key element of the band. Cardoso and John Douglas both switch positions of keyboardist and drummer respectively.[21]

On 2 December 2012, Anathema announced their first concert in India. Anathema has performed at IIT Madras as part of the Saarang Rock Show on 12 January 2013.[13]

The band’s live album, named Universal, was released as a double vinyl album on 24 June 2013. The album is a recording of a special one-off gig at the ancient Roman theatre of Philippopolis in 2012, where the band were joined by the Plovdiv Philharmonic Orchestra. The set was released on Blu-ray, DVD and CD under the name Universal, with an alternate track order, on 17 September 2013.The band performing at the 2016 Starmus Festival alongside theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking

The band performed on drummer Mike Portnoy’s Progression Nation at Sea tour aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line ship Pearl that sailed from the Port of Miami on 18 February 2014.[22]

Distant Satellites, The Optimist, and indefinite hiatus

On 28 March 2014, the band announced their upcoming studio album would be called Distant Satellites. The album came out on 9 June 2014 on the Kscope label, and was produced by Christer-André Cederberg in Oslo, Norway. Several tracks were mixed by Steven Wilson (of Porcupine Tree). Different from previous albums is the use of more electronica on this album. The album was released in four different versions: CD, vinyl, media book, and a deluxe version.[23] The band toured the album starting 22 May in Istanbul, Turkey, continuing throughout Europe and travelling to Australia for the first time to perform three dates during August 2014.

Following the success of their short Australian tour, an acoustic tour was announced for New Zealand and Australia in 2015. Daniel, Vincent and Lee performed these show without the other band members. Later that year, the band released an acoustic live album and video entitled A Sort of Homecoming, consisting in the record of a concert at the band’s hometown Liverpool Cathedral.

At the end of August 2019, it was announced that Anathema would be leaving the Kscope record label and had signed a new deal with Mascot Label Group. Anathema planned to release their 12th studio album in 2020.[24] However, citing difficulties as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, Anathema announced an indefinite hiatus on 22 September 2020.[25]


An Iliad of WoesDemo1990
All Faith Is LostDemo1991
They Die / CrestfallenSingle1992
The Crestfallen EPEP1992
We Are the BibleSingle1994
Serenades / CrestfallenCompilation1994
Pentecost IIIEP1995
The Silent EnigmaFull-length1995
Bloody HellSplit1996 
The Crestfallen EP + Pentecost IIICompilation1996 
Demos ’97Demo1997 
A Vision of a Dying EmbraceVideo1997
Alternative Future E.P.EP1998 
Alternative 4Full-length1998
Make It RightSingle1999 
A Fine Day to ExitFull-length2001
Resonance 2Compilation2002
A Natural DisasterFull-length2003
Were You There?Video2004
A Moment in TimeVideo2006 
Flying / Unchained (Tales of the Unexpected)Single2008
We’re Here Because We’re HereFull-length2010
Original Album ClassicsBoxed set2011 
Dreaming LightSingle2011 
Falling DeeperFull-length2011
Weather SystemsFull-length2012
UntouchableLive album2013 
The Lost Song Part 3Single2014 
Distant SatellitesFull-length2014
Fine Days: 1999-2004Boxed set2015 
Resonance 1 & 2Compilation2015 
A Sort of HomecomingLive album2015 
Can’t Let GoSingle2017 
The OptimistFull-length2017
Internal Landscapes – The Best of 2008-2018Compilation2018
John Douglas
Drums, Percussion (1990-1997, 1998-2020), Guitars (2010), Keyboards, Programming (2010-2020), Electronic percussion (2014)
Danny Cavanagh
Guitars (lead) (1990-2002, 2002-2020), Keyboards, Piano (1995-2002, 2002-2020), Vocals (backing) (2001-2002), Vocals (lead, backing) (2002-2020), Bass (2014-2020)
See also: Daniel Cavanagh, Weather Systems, ex-Antimatter, ex-Leafblade, ex-Lid
Vincent Cavanagh
Guitars (rhythm, acoustic) (1990-2020), Vocals (lead) (1995-2020), Keyboards, Programming (2011-2020), Bass (2014-2020)
See also: ex-Valle Crucis
Lee Douglas
Vocals (lead, backing) (2010-2020)
Daniel Cardoso
Keyboards, Drums (2012-2020), Bass (2018-2020)
See also: ex-Arcane Wisdom, Head Control System, Kandia (live), ex-Holocausto Canibal, ex-Scar for Life, ex-Re:aktor, ex-Sirius, ex-Oblique Rain (live), ex-The Firstborn, ex-Why Angels Fall, ex-Leafblade, ex-Projecto Alpha, ex-SinDRomE, ex-Twilight (Prt), ex-Vertigo Steps

Past Members:

Jamie CavanaghBass (1990-1991, 2002-2018)
Darren J. WhiteVocals (lead) (1990-1995)
See also: ex-Serotonal, ex-The Blood Divine, ex-Dead Men Dream
Duncan PattersonBass, Keyboards, Piano (1991-1998)
See also: Duncan Patterson, Íon, ex-Alternative 4, ex-Antimatter, ex-Dreambreed
Shaun Taylor-SteelsDrums (1997-1998)
See also: GodthrymmVestige of Virtue, ex-Vagrant God, Combath, Nåe, ex-My Dying Bride, ex-Severed Heaven, ex-Solstice, ex-Ironside, ex-Agone
Dave PybusBass (1998-2001)
See also: ex-Darkened, ex-Angtoria, ex-Cradle of Filth, ex-Prong (live), ex-Sarah Jezebel Deva (live), ex-Anul Death, ex-Black Omen, ex-Dreambreed, ex-The Hatebreeders
Les SmithKeyboards (2000-2011)
See also: ex-Cradle of Filth, ex-Tourettes, ex-Ship of Fools

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